Pneumonia killed 808,694 children under the age of 5 in 2017, accounting for 15% of all deaths of children under five years old.[i] We know how to prevent, diagnose and treat pneumonia, and we have known for a long time. So why do so many children around the world still lose their lives to this disease? poverty.

The micro-organisms that cause pneumonia are dangerous for all children. What makes them lethal is a combination of background risk and the failure of health systems to prevent or to detect, diagnose and treat pneumonia cases.